I'm a little confused. Usually when you mark a note wrong, it will appear again at the end of the study session. Not only that, but the study schedule will adapt, and you should see that note appear in future much earlier than the one's you got right.
You can change the appearance in the current study session via the Study settings in the app. (On Mac, look in Studies > Preferences > Study)
Are you using the option “Continue Study”, or are you starting a new study session. If you use continue, it should continue where you were. Otherwise it will create a new session based on the new situation, and you will lose those repeats.